How Common Is Cervical Cancer?

How Common Is Cervical Cancer?

How common is cervical cancer? Cervical cancer accounts for one out of every eight women globally, and is the second most common cancer among women age fifty and over. Cervical cancer ranks fourth on the list of the deadliest cancers, outpacing all other forms of cancer. To meet the growing needs of women, the medical industry is making great strides to find new methods and provide treatments for cervical cancer.

A recent study population was used to estimate the number of people living with this type of cancer in different areas of the world. The findings showed that almost 3 million people were living with the threat of getting cervical cancer, outnumbering those who die from it. This was good news not only for researchers but also for health professionals since this kind of cancer tends to respond well to treatment. Because this type of cancer has the highest case fatality rate, finding a cure is of the utmost importance for sufferers. This means that there is a dire need for efficient screening processes to increase the chances of finding the right treatment for the disease.

The study was conducted by a team of researchers led by Dr. Ricardo B. Serrano, from the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. This group comprised of members from the American Cancer Society, the American Heart Association and the National Cancer Institute. After conducting a survey among its interns and participants, the researchers came up with the following information. Cervical cancers represent one of three types of invasive cancers in females: endometrial, cervical and ovarian. Of these three types, ovarian cancer was the most prevalent.

When the cervix is affected by cervical cancer, it usually grows at an angle in the uterus creating a bump just below the top wall of the vagina. When a tumor or growth of cells occurs in this part of a woman’s body, the surrounding tissues expand at an abnormal rate and form what we know as a lump. The bump can grow larger over time and reach a diameter of up to six inches before it breaks free from the tissue and leaves the cervix. Cervical cancer has the highest case fatality rate of any type of cancer in women and accounts for more than one fifth of all cancers occurring in women. In the vast majority of cases, cancer has no symptoms prior to reaching the stage of being detected.

Surprisingly, only four percent of respondents said that they were aware of the link between sexually transmitted diseases and cervix cancer. Even fewer (four percent) said they were aware of how important it is to routinely check for changes in the cervix to catch any potential infections. This means that many women may be passing on potentially deadly cervical cancer to their male partners when they do not detect it until it has reached an advanced stage. Other factors responsible for the high prevalence of infections are that many people have multiple sexual partners and do not use protection during intercourse. Less than one fifth of respondents reported being aware that doctors recommend regular Pap smears for women.

Overall, it seems that many people are uninformed about the subject of sexually transmitted diseases and cervix cancer. Many people associate the two conditions with women only and fail to acknowledge that men can also suffer from the infection. Men who suffer from a vaginal infection are far more likely to detect the condition and seek treatment. An infection does not necessarily develop into cervical cancer but it is often hard to tell if a person has an existing condition until it has progressed to the final stage. An education campaign would be most beneficial to the general public and would encourage more people to become aware of this common yet deadly condition.

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